Regulation 2.3 – Hours of work and rest (Conditions of employment)
Purpose: To ensure that seafarers have regulated hours of work or hours of rest
1. Each Member shall ensure that the hours of work or hours of rest for seafarers are regulated.
2. Each Member shall establish maximum hours of work or minimum hours of rest over given periods that are consistent with the provisions of the Code.
Standard – Hours of work and hours of rest
1. For the purpose of this Standard, the term:
(a) hours of work means the time during which seafarers are required to do work on account of the ship;
(b) hours of rest means time outside hours of work; this term does not include short breaks.
2. Each Member shall within the limits set out in below points 5 to 8 of this Standard fix either a maximum number of hours of work which shall not be exceeded in a given period of time or a minimum number of hours of rest which shall be provided in a given period of time.
3. Each Member acknowledges that the normal working hours’ standard for seafarers, like that for other workers, shall be based on an eight-hour day with one day
of rest per week and rest on public holidays. However, this shall not prevent the Member from having procedures to authorise or register a collective agreement which determines seafarers’ normal working hours on a basis no less favourable than this standard.
4. In determining the national standards, each Member shall take account of the danger posed by the fatigue of seafarers, especially those whose duties involve navigational safety and the safe and secure operation of the ship.
5. The limits on hours of work or rest shall be as follows:
(a) maximum hours of work shall not exceed:
- 14 hours in any 24-hour period; and
- 72 hours in any seven-day period
(b) minimum hours of rest shall not be less than:
- ten hours in any 24-hour period
- 77 hours in any seven-day period.
6. Hours of rest may be divided into no more than two periods, one of which shall be at least six hours in length, and the interval between consecutive periods of rest
shall not exceed 14 hours.
7. Musters, fire-fighting and lifeboat drills, and drills prescribed by national laws and regulations and by international instruments shall be conducted in a manner
that minimises the disturbance of rest periods and does not induce fatigue.
8. When a seafarer is on call, such as when a machinery space is unattended, the seafarer shall have an adequate compensatory rest period if the normal period of rest is disturbed by call-outs to work.
9. If no collective agreement or arbitration award exists or if the competent authority determines that the provisions of the agreement or award in respect of above points 7 or 8 of this Standard are inadequate, the competent authority shall determine such provisions to ensure the seafarers concerned have sufficient rest.
10. Each Member shall require the posting, in an easily accessible place, of a table with the shipboard working arrangements, which shall contain for every position
- the schedule of service at sea and service in port; and
- the maximum hours of work or the minimum hours of rest required by national laws or regulations or applicable collective agreements.
11. The table referred to in above point 10 of this Standard shall be established in a standardised format in the working language or languages of the ship and in English.
12. Each Member shall require that records of seafarers’ daily hours of work or of their daily hours of rest be maintained to allow monitoring of compliance with above points 5 to 11 inclusive of this Standard. The records shall be in a standardised format established by the competent authority taking into account any available guidelines of the International Labour Organization or shall be in any standard format prepared by the Organization. They shall be in the languages required by above point 11 of this Standard. The seafarers shall receive a copy of the records pertaining to them which shall be endorsed by the master, or a person authorised by the master, and by the seafarers.
13. Nothing in above points 5 and 6 of this Standard shall prevent a Member from having national laws or regulations or a procedure for the competent authority to
authorise or register collective agreements permitting exceptions to the limits set out. Such exceptions shall, as far as possible, follow the provisions of this Standard but may take account of more frequent or longer leave periods or the granting of compensatory leave for watch keeping seafarers or seafarers working on board ships on short voyages.
14. Nothing in this Standard shall be deemed to impair the right of the master of a ship to require a seafarer to perform any hours of work necessary for the immediate safety of the ship, persons on board or cargo, or for the purpose of giving assistance to other ships or persons in distress at sea.
Accordingly, the master may suspend the schedule of hours of work or hours of rest and require a seafarer to perform any hours of work necessary until the normal situation has been restored. As soon as practicable after the normal situation has been restored, the master shall ensure that any seafarers who have performed work in a scheduled rest period are provided with an adequate period of rest.
Guideline – Young seafarers
1. At sea and in port the following provisions should apply to all young seafarers under the age of 18:
- working hours should not exceed eight hours per day and 40 hours per week and overtime should be worked only where unavoidable for safety reasons;
- sufficient time should be allowed for all meals, and a break of at least one hour for the main meal of the day should be assured, and
- a 15-minute rest period as soon as possible following each two hours of continuous work should be allowed.
2. Exceptionally, the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Guideline need not be applied if:
- they are impracticable for young seafarers in the deck, engine room and catering departments assigned to watchkeeping duties or working on a rostered shift-work system; or
- the effective training of young seafarers in accordance with established programmes and schedules would be impaired.
3. Such exceptional situations should be recorded, with reasons, and signed by the master.