Cold Work is the work which cannot create a source of ignition or generate temperature conditions likely to be of sufficient intensity to cause ignition of combustible gases, vapours or liquids in or adjacent to the area involved.
Cold work includes but not limited to:
- Opening vessels, pipes or enclosed spaces
- Where equipment requires decontamination
- Mechanical maintenance work
- Civil maintenance work
- Erection removal of scaffolding
- Insulation and painting
- Disconnecting and connecting pipelines.
- Removing and fitting of valves, blanks, spades or blinds.
- Work on pumps
Before carrying out cold work, the following is to be taken care of:
- Determining that the area is safe for work and sign the permit.
- Complete the Cold Work Permit form, jointly with the person/s involved in the work.
- Ensure that the work is carried out as per the conditions mentioned in the Cold Work permit.
- Retract the permit if safe working conditions are breached.
Prior to the commencement of cold work in hazardous or dangerous area, the cold work permit shall be filled and all its provisions are to be satisfied. In Tankers, attention shall be drawn towards vapours from leaking bulkheads of adjacent tanks and passing pipelines. Personnel involved must understand the requirements, procedures and hazards involved. In case of a violation of any of the provisions during the course of work, the permit shall be cancelled and work may be resumed only after the violations are corrected.
The cold work permit should contain a clear indication as to its maximum period of validity.
Personal injury, Slipping / tripping depending on the location of cold work, Personnel Injury whilst Working with Tools.
- Proper PPE shall be donned at all times.
- All equipment and ropes to be used for the job shall be thoroughly inspected prior operation.
- Ensure area is clear of any slipping hazard.
- Safety harness shall be used where applicable.
- A tool box meeting to be conducted prior commencement of the job.
- Use right tool for the job.
- Examine each tool for damage before use.
- Operate tools according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
- Disconnect tools when they are not in use and when changing accessories such as blades, bits and cutters etc.
Follow safe practices as per Code of Safe Working Practices for Merchant Seamen (COSWP).